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College textbooks largely overlook the most common animals

A recent study of textbooks aimed at introductory biology courses finds that they devote less than one percent of their text to discussing insects, which make up more than 60 percent of animal species. The study authors argue that this provides a poor foundat
Latest Science News -- ScienceDaily

College textbooks largely overlook the most common animals

A recent study of textbooks aimed at introductory biology courses finds that they devote less than one percent of their text to discussing insects, which make up more than 60 percent of animal species. The study authors argue that this provides a poor foundation for understanding ecosystems, biodiversity, and other core aspects of biological research.

Fire's effects on soil moisture, runoff

The 2011 Las Conchas mega-fire in New Mexico burned more than 150,000 acres and threatened the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Now, using data from the fire, researchers have created an experimental model that will help us better understand the interactions o
Latest Science News -- ScienceDaily

Fire's effects on soil moisture, runoff

The 2011 Las Conchas mega-fire in New Mexico burned more than 150,000 acres and threatened the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Now, using data from the fire, researchers have created an experimental model that will help us better understand the interactions of fire and water in the soil.

Faster, cheaper test can help predict risk of metastasis in prostate cancer patients

A report describes a new assay to assess copy number alterations that is cheaper, faster, reproducible, and requires less tissue than other diagnostic techniques and has the potential to significantly enhance prostate cancer evaluation.
Latest Science News -- ScienceDaily

Faster, cheaper test can help predict risk of metastasis in prostate cancer patients

A report describes a new assay to assess copy number alterations that is cheaper, faster, reproducible, and requires less tissue than other diagnostic techniques and has the potential to significantly enhance prostate cancer evaluation.

Researchers developing nonopioid drug for chronic pain

Researchers are developing a drug -- now in its earliest stages -- that can treat certain types of chronic pain without the addictive consequences of opioids.
Latest Science News -- ScienceDaily

Researchers developing nonopioid drug for chronic pain

Researchers are developing a drug -- now in its earliest stages -- that can treat certain types of chronic pain without the addictive consequences of opioids.

Improved understanding of the pathology of dwarfism may lead to new treatment targets

Pseudoachondroplasia (PSACH) is a severe inherited dwarfing condition In PSACH, a genetic mutation leads to abnormal retention of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of cartilage-producing cells (chondrocytes), whi
Latest Science News -- ScienceDaily

Improved understanding of the pathology of dwarfism may lead to new treatment targets

Pseudoachondroplasia (PSACH) is a severe inherited dwarfing condition In PSACH, a genetic mutation leads to abnormal retention of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of cartilage-producing cells (chondrocytes), which interferes with function and cell viability. Investigators describe how this protein accumulation results in 'ER stress' and initiates a host of pathologic changes. These findings may open up new ways to treat PSACH and other ER-stress-related conditions.

New models sense human trust in smart machines

New 'classification models' sense how well humans trust intelligent machines they collaborate with, a step toward improving the quality of interactions and teamwork.
Latest Science News -- ScienceDaily

New models sense human trust in smart machines

New 'classification models' sense how well humans trust intelligent machines they collaborate with, a step toward improving the quality of interactions and teamwork.

New review of scientific studies confirms food cravings can be reduced

Food craving, the intense desire to eat certain foods, can sabotage efforts to maintain healthy eating habits and body weight, no matter the time of year. However, an examination of 28 current peer-reviewed scientific studies largely substantiates findings th
Latest Science News -- ScienceDaily

New review of scientific studies confirms food cravings can be reduced

Food craving, the intense desire to eat certain foods, can sabotage efforts to maintain healthy eating habits and body weight, no matter the time of year. However, an examination of 28 current peer-reviewed scientific studies largely substantiates findings that changes in diet, prescription medications, physical activity and bariatric surgery reduce craving.

Sun-soaking device turns water into superheated steam

Engineers have built a device that soaks up enough heat from the sun to boil water and produce 'superheated' steam hotter than 100 degrees Celsius, without any expensive optics.
Latest Science News -- ScienceDaily

Sun-soaking device turns water into superheated steam

Engineers have built a device that soaks up enough heat from the sun to boil water and produce 'superheated' steam hotter than 100 degrees Celsius, without any expensive optics.

Novel technique may significantly reduce breast biopsies

A novel technique that uses mammography to determine the biological tissue composition of a tumor could help reduce unnecessary breast biopsies, according to a new study.
Latest Science News -- ScienceDaily

Novel technique may significantly reduce breast biopsies

A novel technique that uses mammography to determine the biological tissue composition of a tumor could help reduce unnecessary breast biopsies, according to a new study.

Disruption of circadian rhythm as risk factor for diseases

Scientists report a time-keeping mechanism in liver cells that helps sustain key organ tasks can contribute to diseases when its natural rhythm is disrupted.
Latest Science News -- ScienceDaily

Disruption of circadian rhythm as risk factor for diseases

Scientists report a time-keeping mechanism in liver cells that helps sustain key organ tasks can contribute to diseases when its natural rhythm is disrupted.

Taming turbulence: Seeking to make complex simulations a breeze

Previously intractable problems for designing fusion experiments, improving weather models, and understanding astrophysical phenomena such as star formation will be more easily addressed without the need for expensive supercomputers using a new model.
Latest Science News -- ScienceDaily

Taming turbulence: Seeking to make complex simulations a breeze

Previously intractable problems for designing fusion experiments, improving weather models, and understanding astrophysical phenomena such as star formation will be more easily addressed without the need for expensive supercomputers using a new model.

Trying to get people to agree? Skip the French restaurant and go out for Chinese food

When people in a business negotiation share not just a meal but a plate, they collaborate better and reach deals faster, according to new research.
Latest Science News -- ScienceDaily

Trying to get people to agree? Skip the French restaurant and go out for Chinese food

When people in a business negotiation share not just a meal but a plate, they collaborate better and reach deals faster, according to new research.

Are you stressed? Your eyes may provide a window into your mental workload

With nearly breakneck speed, the demands of work productivity in today's society seem to have increased tenfold. Enter multitasking as a way to cope with the insistence that tasks be completed almost immediately. Previous studies on workload and productivity
Latest Science News -- ScienceDaily

Are you stressed? Your eyes may provide a window into your mental workload

With nearly breakneck speed, the demands of work productivity in today's society seem to have increased tenfold. Enter multitasking as a way to cope with the insistence that tasks be completed almost immediately. Previous studies on workload and productivity include physical aspects, such as how much a person walks or carries, but they do not take into account a person's state of mind. Now, researchers have discovered a person's eyes may offer a solution.

Hypoxic dead zones found in urban streams, not just at the coast

A new study finds that hypoxic dead zones occur in nutrient-laden urban streams, not just in coastal waters. The research shows that intense storm flows can erode some stream channels to become a series of pools that trap nutrient-laden runoff. The elevated n
Latest Science News -- ScienceDaily

Hypoxic dead zones found in urban streams, not just at the coast

A new study finds that hypoxic dead zones occur in nutrient-laden urban streams, not just in coastal waters. The research shows that intense storm flows can erode some stream channels to become a series of pools that trap nutrient-laden runoff. The elevated nutrient levels in the water spur greater consumption of dissolved oxygen by bacteria, causing the pools to become hypoxic until the next storm flushes them out.

What social stress in monkeys can tell us about human health

A new study examines one key stress-inducing circumstance -- the effects of social hierarchy -- and how cells respond to the hormones that are released in response to that stress.
Latest Science News -- ScienceDaily

What social stress in monkeys can tell us about human health

A new study examines one key stress-inducing circumstance -- the effects of social hierarchy -- and how cells respond to the hormones that are released in response to that stress.

Warming, sea-ice loss: Arctic Report Card tracks region's environmental changes

NOAA's annual report card on the Arctic, released today, shows that the Arctic region experienced the second-warmest air temperatures ever recorded; the second-lowest overall sea-ice coverage; lowest recorded winter ice in the Bering Sea; and earlier plankto
Latest Science News -- ScienceDaily

Warming, sea-ice loss: Arctic Report Card tracks region's environmental changes

NOAA's annual report card on the Arctic, released today, shows that the Arctic region experienced the second-warmest air temperatures ever recorded; the second-lowest overall sea-ice coverage; lowest recorded winter ice in the Bering Sea; and earlier plankton blooms due to early melting of sea ice in the Bering Sea.

Stronger pesticide regulations likely needed to protect all bee species, say studies

Regulators worldwide currently use honeybees as the sole model species failing to account for potential threats posed by agrochemicals to the full diversity of bee species from bumblebees to solitary bees, which are probably more important for pollination of
Latest Science News -- ScienceDaily

Stronger pesticide regulations likely needed to protect all bee species, say studies

Regulators worldwide currently use honeybees as the sole model species failing to account for potential threats posed by agrochemicals to the full diversity of bee species from bumblebees to solitary bees, which are probably more important for pollination of food crops than managed honeybees. They are potentially more vulnerable to pesticides given they nest in the ground and bumblebee queens have different life cycles that could increase exposure.

Possible connection between cardiovascular disease and living near oil and gas wells

Researchers have found a possible connection between the intensity of oil and gas exploration in an area and early indicators of cardiovascular disease among nearby residents.
Latest Science News -- ScienceDaily

Possible connection between cardiovascular disease and living near oil and gas wells

Researchers have found a possible connection between the intensity of oil and gas exploration in an area and early indicators of cardiovascular disease among nearby residents.

Taking uncertainty out of cancer prognosis

An analysis of nearly 20,000 cancer patient histories and genetic data has revealed that knowing the genetic cause of a cancer does not help predict how deadly the disease will be. Instead, researchers have discovered that copy number variations in specific g
Latest Science News -- ScienceDaily

Taking uncertainty out of cancer prognosis

An analysis of nearly 20,000 cancer patient histories and genetic data has revealed that knowing the genetic cause of a cancer does not help predict how deadly the disease will be. Instead, researchers have discovered that copy number variations in specific gene sites are far more informative, providing new opportunities to improve prognosis.

Terahertz laser for sensing and imaging outperforms its predecessors

A new terahertz laser is the first to reach three key performance goals at once -- high constant power, tight beam pattern, and broad electric frequency tuning -- and could thus be valuable for a wide range of applications in chemical sensing and imaging.
Latest Science News -- ScienceDaily

Terahertz laser for sensing and imaging outperforms its predecessors

A new terahertz laser is the first to reach three key performance goals at once -- high constant power, tight beam pattern, and broad electric frequency tuning -- and could thus be valuable for a wide range of applications in chemical sensing and imaging.

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